Kargapazarı Mountains are a range of mountains located in the eastern region of Anatolia, Turkey, near the city of Erzurum. This range is approximately 30-35 km long and 8-10 km wide. Its highest peak standing at 3,288 meters. It runs in the northwest-southeast direction and spans across the towns of Pasinler, Oltu, Narman, Tortum, and Yakutiye. The Kargapazarı Mountains are a unique and diverse mountain range. They feature high peaks, plateaus, deep valleys, and mountain meadows, all of which are connected to each other by ridges. The mountain range is made up of volcanic rocks that were formed during the Upper Miocene-Pliocene era, which is the reason for the existence of endemic plant species. The Kargapazarı Mountains are divided into three parts: the Catal Mountains in the northeast, the Devre Mountains in the center, and the Asil Kargapazarı Mountains in the southwest.
Kargapazarı Mountains: A Paradise for Trekking and Wildlife
The climate of the Kargapazarı Mountains is classified as a transitional climate between the Eastern Anatolian Continental climate and the Black Sea climate. The mountain range is affected by the Black Sea climate in the northeast, and the temperature decreases as one moves towards the northwest. Also the mountains are an important source of water for the surrounding regions. The mountains have three different hydrological basins, which are separated by ridges. The rivers in the southeast region of the mountain range flow into the Aras River, which then flows into the Caspian Sea. The northern rivers flow into the Oltu and Tortum Rivers, which then flow into the Black Sea. The western rivers flow into the Karasu and Euphrates Rivers, which then flow into the Persian Gulf.
The mountain range is also one of the preferred spots for those who are interested in mountaineering. Kargapazarı Mountains appeal to more experienced mountaineers due to its harsh weather conditions and altitude. However, let’s not forget that no matter how experienced you are, the track is a bit challenging, it requires equipment during the climb. For this reason, we recommend you to carry out mountaineering activities under the leadership of a guide and group. Apart from mountaineering activities, the mountains are a popular destination for camping and outdoor activities. The cool, fresh air and stunning scenery provide the perfect setting for a relaxing getaway. Visitors can camp in one of the designated areas, enjoy a picnic or simply admire the natural surroundings.
The wide climatic network in the mountains also increases the diversity of plants and animals. Therefore, the mountains are home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the region. The volcanic rock formations provide a unique habitat for a variety of flora, including juniper trees, wild roses, and various grasses. In addition to plants, the mountains are home to a variety of wildlife such as bears, wolves, foxes, lynx, and a variety of bird species, making it an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts.
Overall, the Kargapazarı Mountains are a hidden gem in the Eastern Anatolian region of Turkey. From its unique volcanic rock formations to its diverse plant and animal life, there is something for everyone to enjoy. Whether you are an experienced mountaineer or simply looking for a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of city life, the Kargapazarı Mountains are definitely worth a visit. Do not be late!
You may also want to learn about Turkey’s highest mountain, Mount Ararat. Please click on the link to read more about majestic Mount Ararat.